With an ambitious project for new airports, domestic and international, for its aviation vision 2040, India is moving towards the goal – a trillion-dollar economy. India will have 190-200 functioning airports to facilitate air travel for 1.1 billion travelers, both inbound and outbound, by 2040. Plans for three new international airports are underway in Delhi, Chennai and Mumbai. This article does mainly touch upon Jewar International Airport and Chennai’s second international airport among the upcoming airports in India.
Noida Jewar International Airport
The construction plans for the upcoming Noida International Greenfield Airport aka Jewar International Airport (JIA) have been finalized after being tossed around between various political parties in power since it was first proposed in 2001. The JIA project will be completed in a phased manner from 2020 until 2040. Intended to ease the increasing load of passenger traffic on Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA), the JIA will be built on the lines of the world’s most developed city airports. Below are some interesting facts about the Jewar International Airport project.
Jewar International Airport, when completed by 2040, will have six to eight runways – the highest at any Indian airports. Some of the international operations will be shifted from IGI Airport to Jewar, considering the ever-growing number of flights to New Delhi from USA and other major countries.
Bidding, Location and Traffic handling
Zurich Airport International AG, a Switzerland-headquartered company, has taken the lead to build Noida International Greenfield Airport (JIA), by outbidding its competitors. Zurich Airport placed the highest bid of INR 400.97 per passenger while Anchorage Infrastructure Investments Holdings Limited offered INR 205 per passenger, Adani Enterprises Limited offered INR 360 per passenger and Delhi International Airport Limited offered INR 351.
Jewar in Gautam Budh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh is the location of Jewar International Airport, 72 km from IGI Airport; 40 km from Bulandshahr; 48 km from Greater Noida; 130 km from Agra; 60 km from Noida, and 70 km from Faridabad and Ghaziabad. The JIA will be easily accessible from not only Kanpur and Allahabad, but also other locations including Gwalior, Ludhiana, Bathinda, Shimla and Pathankot. Moreover, it is proposed to be connected to Delhi Metro via the Noida Metro route and via the Delhi-Faridabad-Ballabhgarh-Palwal-Jewar route.
On completion of all four phases of the construction by 2040, Jewar International Airport’s traffic-handling capacity will be more than 70 million passengers. With two runways, the first phase of the airport will handle around 12 million air passenger traffic which will go up to 30 million in the second phase and 50 million in the third phase and over 70 million at the final phase. Currently, New Delhi IGI Airport is handling around 70 million passengers, which is far beyond its capacity.
Cost, Infrastructure and Compensation
INR 29,560 crore is the total cost estimate for Jewar International Airport’s construction, which will be spread over 5,000 hectares. The first phase of the construction costing a whopping INR 4,588 crore will be spread across 1,334 hectares and is expected to be completed by 2023. The second phase will cost INR 5,983 crore while the third and fourth phases will cost INR 8,415 crore and INR 10,575 crore respectively. The compensation package for rehabilitation of over 8,971 families from various villages in and around Jewar, which have been affected due to the land acquisition, is estimated to be around INR 3,000 crore.
The area and cost wise, Noida’s Jewar International Airport will undoubtedly be much bigger than the upcoming Navi Mumbai International Airport.
Chennai’s Second International Airport
Talks for Chennai’s second airport are ongoing as the state government is hopping between different locations to finalize the land for construction. The shortlisted locations are Maduramangalam, Vallathur, Thodur, Thiruporur, Mappedu, and Cheyyar. On the other hand, Chennai International Airport has hit its maximum capacity of 18 million passengers per year and is handling over 22.5 million. Furthermore, several incidents of ceiling collapses, glass door and window breakages, which supposedly resulted from the poor quality and improper design, have been reported after the recent modernization of the airport terminals.
Owing to the state government’s delay in finalizing a location, the Airport Authority of India has decided to build a satellite terminal near the second runway at Chennai International Airport (MAA). A 1.5-km tunnel, at a depth of 10.5 feet below the ground will be built to connect the satellite terminal with the airport. This expansion will cost a whopping INR 25,870 million and is expected to be completed by 2021. Once completed, the Chennai Airport will be the first airport in India to flaunt a satellite terminal and it will increase the airport’s passenger handling capacity to 35 million per year.